There are four major methods used on TV to obscure a person’s face so that he would not be recognized:
- Pixelization: during editing, a video graphics filter is used to lower the resolution of the footage
- Black bars: during editing, a graphical element is superimposed over the footage
- Extreme close-up: focusing during filming on a single facial feature, such as lips or eyes
- Silhouette: adjusting the camera exposure during filming so that the person appears totally black
The latter method was used during yesterday’s evening news, in a pre-taped press conference. Since this was not a live broadcast, there was no reason for any slip-up, and for the most part I could only see the silhouette of the woman talking. But when some still photojournalists used their camera flash, it lit the entire room and for a split second revealed the face of the woman.
Now perhaps during the 1990’s this kind of incident would not amount to much, since you could not rewind live TV or use your computer to download the news – but those analog days are long gone, and it is about time people in the Israeli media would recognize that fact.
Since this is not the first time I have noticed the Israeli media dropping the ball on this issue, I thought I would present a case study of the three Israeli broadcast channels, examining yesterday’s cover of that news conference: